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Postal Parcels

 

IMPORTING POSTAL ITEMS  

     Because of the special nature of postal traffic, the Customs formalities in respect of items carried by post are somewhat different from those applied to goods carried by other means.  While individual postal items are restricted in size, their numbers are enormous and, to avoid creating unacceptable delays, special administrative arrangements are necessary to deal with them.  These are made possible because in virtually all countries the postal services are furnished by public administrations or authorities, and the two public bodies involved in postal traffic, the post and the Customs, co-operate very closely with one another.

     Thai Customs provides a set of clearance procedures to assist individuals with the clearance of postal items. Thai Customs can examine almost any item that comes to Thailand by mail. You may have to pay applicable taxes and duties on items mailed to you. If you owe duties and taxes, it will be indicated on the Notice issued by the Thailand Post which will be sent to you ditectly.

The amount of duties or taxes you may owe on an item depends upon the following:

  • the item’s value in Thai baht; and
  • whether or not the item is a commercial sample.

 

Categories  of  Postal  Items

Category 1:  Low value postal items : This category comprises postal items having no commercial value and which are exempted from taxes and duties provided that they are subject to the criteria listed below :

  • The value does not exceed 1,000 baht; and
  • The item is a commercial sample of no commercial value.

Any items that are prohibited and restricted are excluded.

The postal items under Category 1 are delivered to the Thailand Post for further distribution to the consignees at the given address.

Category 2 :   Postal items subject to applicable taxes and duties : This category comprises postal items of which FOB value is above 1,000 baht but does not exceed 40,000 baht and which are subjected to taxes and duties.

Any items that are prohibited and restricted are excluded. 

The items under Category 2 are jointly examined by Customs and the Thailand Post. After the applicable taxes and duties are determined, such postal items are sent to the Thailand Post for further distribution to the destined postal office, and subsequently to the consignees.

Applicable taxes and duties of the postal items under this Category are collected by the Thailand Post on behalf of Thai Customs.  In this connection, the Thailand Post will issue and send the consignee a dispatch note known as “Notice on the Collection of International Postal Items”. The consignee then brings such Notice to the Thailand Post office and pay applicable taxes and duties. 

Category 3 : Other  postal items :  This category comprises the postal items other than those categorized under Category 1 and Category 2. 

The postal items under Category 3 are brought to the Thailand Post and kept in the warehouse, pending for processing Customs procedures. The Thailand Post then issues a “Notice on the Collection of International Postal Items” to the consignee.  The consignee must contact Customs officers at the Postal and Airport Customs Service Division, the Bangkok Customs Bureau, or a Customs Office as indicated in the Notice. The postal items are released after applicable taxes and duties are paid.

In case where the value of the items exceeds 40,000 baht, the consignee is required to submit an Import Declaration through the e-Customs system.  However, in case where the value of the items does not exceed 40,000 baht, the consignee is not required to submit formal Import Declaration.

 

DOCUMENTS
The minimum documents required in processing import procedures for the postal items consist of:

  • “ Notice on the Collection of International Postal Items ”
  • An identification card or any cards issued by government agencies of the consignee and bear the name of the consignee

However, in case where the consignee is unable to pick up the postal items by himself/herself, he/she may authorize the other person to act on his/her behalf. The minimum documents required in processing import procedures under this scenario consist of:

  • “Notice on the Collection of International Postal Items ” which is duly signed by the consignee;
  • A copy of an identification card of the consignee which is certified true copy; and
  • An identification card of the authorized person.

In the case where the consignee is a legal person, such as a company, or a firm, the minimum documents required in processing import procedures consist of:

  • “Notice on the Collection of International Postal Items” with the signature of the company’s authorized person and the company’s seal;
  • A copy of an owner’s/manager’s identification card which is certified true copy;
  • An identification card of the authorized person to act on behalf of the legal person;  and
  • A certified copy of company registration.

The authorized person is not allowed to appoint any person to act on his/her behalf. 

 

GENERAL PROHIBITIONS AND RESTRICTIONS

The Thai Government controls the import and export of certain goods into/out of  Thailand. The controls either take the form of:

  • an absolute prohibition, which means that you are not allowed to import the goods in any circumstances; or
  • a restriction, where you need to have written permission in order to import the goods.

Samples  OF  Prohibited  and  Restricted  Goods

The following information broadly outlines what goods are prohibited or restricted, where you can obtain more information about the control and, in the case of restricted goods, to apply for permission to import.

1.      Prohibited Goods are goods for which either the import into or export out of Thailand are prohibited. Any person imports or exports prohibited goods is considered as committing offences and subject to penalties indicated in the relevant national legislation. In addition, such activity is also considered as an offence under Articles 27 and 27 bis of the Customs Act B.E. 2469. It is prohibited by law to bring the following items into Thailand.

  • Obscene objects/literature/pictures
  • Pornographic materials
  • Goods with Thai national flag
  • Narcotics e.g., marijuana, hemp, opium, cocaine, morphine, heroin
  • Fake currency, bonds, or coins
  • Fake Royal Seals/official seals
  • IPR infringing goods e.g. musical tape, CD, VDO, computer software, etc.
  • Counterfeit trademark goods

2.      Restricted Goods are goods of which the imports and exports are restricted by law and therefore require a permit from the related government agencies. Any person imports or exports restricted goods is considered as committing offences and subject to penalties indicated in the relevant national legislation. In addition, such activity is also subjected to the offence under Articles 27 and 27 bis of the Customs Act B.E. 2469.

The Ministry of Commerce designates classes of goods that are subject to import controls, which usually take the form of permission and licensing. Although these controls are being liberalized, at present more than 50 classes of goods require import licenses from the Ministry of Commerce. These categories are frequently changed through notifications of the Ministry of Commerce. A license to import any of the restricted items must be obtained from the Ministry of Commerce prior to importation. Application for the license must be accompanied by a supplier’s order, confirmation, invoice, and other pertinent documents.

In addition to the Act imposing the above controls, a number of goods are also subject to import controls under or other relevant agencies. These include:

•       The import of drugs, foods, and supplementary products requires prior licensing from the Food and Drug Administration, the Ministry of Health. 
•       The import or export of antiques or objects of art, whether registered or not, requires permission from the Fine Arts Department.  
•       The imports of weapons and ammunition, explosives, fireworks and real and replica firearms requires appropriate license from the Ministry of Interior. Other weapons such as electric shock devices must also be declared. Some of these items may require a permit, before importation.
•       The Cosmetic Act stipulates that for the purpose of protection of public health, any importer of controlled cosmetics must provide the name and location of the office and the place of manufacture or storage of the cosmetics, the category, or kind of cosmetics to be imported, and the major components of the cosmetics.

  • The import of wild fauna, flora, fish and other aquatic fauna requires permission from the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, the Department of Agriculture, or the Department of Fishery as the case may be.






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